Long Wavelength Array (LWA) Memo Series

Overview: This is the memo series for the Long Wavelength Array (LWA) project.

Maintainer: S.W. Ellingson
URL: http://www.phys.unm.edu/~lwa/memos (is redirected to http://www.ece.vt.edu/swe/lwa/)
Last 5 Updates:
2014 Mar 04: Added LWA Memo 201 (Schinzel & Dowell, Frequency labeling)
2013 Dec 17: Added LWA Memo 200 (Schinzel & Dowell, DC component analysis)
2013 Dec 17: Added LWA Memo 199 (Richards & Dowell, DRX Gain Setting)
2013 Dec 09: Added LWA Memo 198 (Schinzel, Temp Gain Stability)
2013 Jul 22: Added LWA Memo 197 (Ellingson et al., LWA Design & Commissioning)

Table of Contents:


Memo Series

Please send submissions to the maintainer.
Indexed in reverse chronological order, by date of entry into memo series.
Please cite as: Author(s), Title of Memo, Long Wavelength Array Memo (number), date UNLESS more properly cited in another form (e.g., astro-ph, published paper).

[201] F. Schinzel & J. Dowell, In-situ testing of frequency labeling and aliasing of DP and measurement of signal cross-coupling at LWA1, Mar 4, 2014.

[200] F. Schinzel & J. Dowell, DC component analysis at LWA1, Dec 17, 2013.

[199] J. Richards & J. Dowell, LWA1 DRX Gain Setting Test, Dec 17, 2013. associated tgz file.

[198] F. Schinzel, The Influence of Shelter Temperature on Gain Stability of LWA1, Dec 9, 2013.

[197] S.W. Ellingson, J. Craig, J. Dowell, G.B. Taylor & J.F. Helmboldt, "Design and Commissioning of the LWA1 Radio Telescope", 2013 IEEE Int'l Symp. on Phased Array Systems and Technology, Boston MA, Oct 2013.

[196] S.W. Ellingson et al. 2013, Observations of Crab Giant Pulses in 20-84 MHz using LWA1, ApJ, 768, 136. (posted Apr 3, 2013)

[195] J.F. Helmboldt et al., Passive over-the-horizon radar with WWV and the first station of the Long Wavelength Array, 2013. (posted Feb 14, 2013)

[194] J. Dowell and C. Grimes, LWA1 Pointing Error and Correction, Ver. 2, Mar 21, 2013.
        Earlier version: J. Dowell and C. Grimes, LWA1 Pointing Error and Correction, Ver. 1, Oct 2, 2012.

[193] J. Dowell, The LWA1 User Computing Facility, Ver. 1, Nov 25, 2012.

[192] J.F. Helmboldt, Measurements of the LWA1 Station Beam and Antenna-based Gains using TBW Observations of RFI with Self-calibration, undated.

[191] P. Ray ed., Collected LWA Engineering Memos from the Development of the Antenna Subsystem (ANT), 2007 October 29 - 2009 September 11.
        Earlier version: P. Ray ed., Collected LWA Engineering Memos from the Development of the Antenna Subsystem (ANT), 2007 October 29 - 2009 September 11.

[190] P. Ray ed., Collected LWA Engineering Memos from the Development of the Front End Electronics (FEE), 2008 May 23 - 2009 May 15.

[189] P. Ray ed., Collected LWA Engineering Memos from the Development of the Ground Screen Subsystem (GND), 2008 April 23 - 2009 October 14.

[188] B. Hicks et al., Preliminary Design of the LWA-1 Array, Antenna, Stand, Front End Electronics, and Ground Screen, February 20, 2009.

[187] Q. Liu and S.W. Ellingson, Effect and Correction of Unequal Cable Losses and Dispersive Delays on Delay-and-Sum Beamforming, April 25, 2012.

[186] S.W. Ellingson et al., The LWA1 Radio Telescope, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 61, No. 5, May 2013, pp. 2540-9.
        Earlier version: S.W. Ellingson et al., The LWA1 Radio Telescope, not dated (posted August 22, 2012).
        Earlier version: S.W. Ellingson et al., The LWA1 Radio Telescope, not dated (posted April 21, 2012).

[185] G.B. Taylor et al., First Light for the First Station of the Long Wavelength Array, not dated (posted March 21, 2012).

[184] S. Ellingson, Fun with TBN, September 13, 2011.

[183] K. Obenberger & J. Dowell, LWA1 RFI Survey, December 16, 2011.

[182] S. Ellingson, The Fourpoint Antenna as a LEDA Outrigger Antenna, August 6, 2011.

[181] K. Dymond, C. Watts, C. Coker, N. Kassim, P.C. Crane, P. A. Bernhardt, M. Wilkens, L. Rickard, and G. Taylor, CRICKET Campaign: Setup and Execution LWA Memo Report, Undated.

[180] C. Wolfe, S. Ellingson, and C. Patterson, MCS-Data Recorder PC Assembly and Operating System Installation, June 6, 2010.

[179] M. Soriano, R. Navarro, L. D'Addario, E. Sigman, D. Wang, Implementation of a Digital Signal Processing Subsystem for a Long Wavelength Array Station, Proc. 2011 IEEE Aerospace Conf., Big Sky, MT, March 5-12, 2011.

[178] J. Dowell, Parametric Model for the LWA-1 Dipole Response as a Function of Frequency, Ver. 2, Dec 20, 2011.
        Earlier version: J. Dowell, Parametric Model for the LWA-1 Dipole Response as a Function of Frequency, Feb 11, 2011.

[177] G. Taylor, J. Dowell, Y. Pihlstrom, and J. Craig, LWA Data Management, Dec 3, 2012.
        Earlier version: G. Taylor, J. Dowell, Y. Pihlstrom, and J. Craig, LWA Data Management, Feb 13, 2011.
        Earlier version: G. Taylor, J. Dowell, Y. Pihlstrom, and J. Craig, LWA Data Management, Feb 11, 2011.

[176] S. Ellingson, Q. Liu, and J. Craig, The LWA-1 S60 System, December 21, 2010 (v.2).
        Earlier version: S. Ellingson, Q. Liu, and J. Craig, The LWA-1 S60 System, December 12, 2010.

[175] S. Ellingson, A Parametric Model for the Normalized Power Pattern of a Dipole Antenna over Ground, December 8, 2010.

[174] T.J.W. Lazio et al., Surveying the Dynamic Radio Sky with the Long Wavelength Demonstrator Array, Astronomical J., 140, 1995, December 2010.

[173] L. J Rickard et al., The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar, Ground-Based Instrument Paper for the 2010 NRC Decadal Survey of Solar and Space Physics, undated.

[172] N. Kassim et al., The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar, Proc. Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conf., Sept 14-17, 2010, Maui, Hawaii.

[171] P. Henning, S. Ellingson, G. Taylor, Y. Pihlstrom, J. Craig, L. J Rickard, T. Clarke, N. Kassim, and A. Cohen, The First Station of the Long Wavelength Array, Proc. ISKAF2010 Science Meeting, August 2010. Also posted as arXiv:1009.0666v1 [astro-ph.IM].

[170] S. Ellingson, J. Craig, and J. Hartman, LWA-1 Antenna Position and Cable Data, Ver. 3, December 9, 2010.
        Earlier version: LWA-1 Antenna Position and Cable Data, Ver. 2, September 6, 2010.
        Earlier version: LWA-1 Antenna Position and Cable Data, Ver. 1, August 20, 2010.

[169] P. Crane, Ionospheric Tomography and Sounding, April 6, 2010.

[168] P. Crane, Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI) From Extra-High-Voltage (EHV) Transmission Lines, March 22, 2010.

[167] C. Watts and K. Dymond, LWA Ionospheric Workshop, June 29, 2009.

[166] S. Ellingson, Sensitivity of Antenna Arrays for Long-Wavelength Radio Astronomy, Dec 30, 2009. (IEEE Trans. Ant. & Prop., in press.). Also posted as arXiv:1005.4232v1 [astro-ph.IM].

[165] C. Wolfe, S. Ellingson and C. Patterson, MCS Data Recorder Preliminary Design & Verification, Aug 26, 2009.

[164] P. Crane, The Evolving Radio-Frequency Environment for the Long Wavelength Array (LWA), June 23, 2009.
        Earlier version: P. Crane, The Evolving Radio-Frequency Environment for the Long Wavelength Array (LWA), June 23, 2009.

[163] L. J Rickard, LWA TLA Glossary, Undated.

[162] G. Taylor (for the LWA collaboration), The Long Wavelength Array: Activity White Paper for the Astro 2010 Decadal Survey, Mar 31, 2009.

[161] J. Craig, Long Wavelength Array Station Architecture, Ver. 2.0, Feb 26, 2009. Update to Memo 119; This is the version approved at PDR.

[160] C. Janes, J. Craig, and L. Rickard, The Long Wavelength Array System Technical Requirements, Draft #10, Feb 24, 2009. Update to Memo 118; This is the version approved at PDR.

[159] T. Clarke, Scientific Requirements for the Long Wavelength Array, ver. 2.8, Feb 24, 2009. Update to Memo 117; This is the version approved at PDR.

[158] L. Rickard, The LWA ``Pile of Parts'' Cost Model, Feb 25, 2009. Update to Memo 45; This is the version approved at PDR.

[157] S. Ellingson, T.E. Clarke, A. Cohen, J. Craig, N.E. Kassim, Y. Pihlstrom, L. J Rickard, and G.B. Taylor, The Long Wavelength Array, Proc. IEEE, Vol. 97, No. 8, pp. 1421-1430, Aug 2009.
        Earlier version: S. Ellingson, T.E. Clarke, A. Cohen, J. Craig, N.E. Kassim, Y. Pihlstrom, L. J Rickard, and G.B. Taylor, The Long Wavelength Array, Feb 11, 2009.

[156] J. Craig, S. Ellingson and P. Ray, In Situ Evaluation of the LWA Analog Signal Path, Mar 30, 2009.

[155] J. Hartman, Antenna pattern measurements from a two-element interferometer, Apr 15, 2009.
        Earlier version: J. Hartman, Antenna pattern measurements from a two-element interferometer, Apr 1, 2009.

[154] L. D'Addario and R. Navarro, Preliminary Design for the Digital Processing Subsystem of a Long Wavelength Array Station, Feb 11, 2009.

[153] K. Stewart, B. Hicks, B. MacDowall, and C. Gross, ROLSS Antenna Measurements: Implications for LWA Antenna Simulations, Dec 18, 2008.

[152] P. Crane, The Long Wavelength Array (LWA) and Interplanetary Scintillation (IPS), Jan 12, 2009.

[151] L. D'Addario, LWA Signal Delays and Time Tagging, Dec 22, 2008.

[150] L. Kogan and A. Cohen, A 110 m x 100 m Elliptical Station Design Optimized to Minimize Sidelobes, Jan 8, 2009. Additional material: lwa0150_table.txt.

[149] S. Ellingson, Performance of Simple Delay-and-Sum Beamforming Without Per-Stand Polarization Corrections for LWA Stations, Jan 5, 2009.

[148] M. Kuniyoshi, S. Bhatnagar, G. Taylor, and A. Cohen, Shape of LWA Station: A Study of the Synthesized Beam Shapes and Weighting Scheme, Dec 15, 2008.

[147] S. Ellingson, Some Initial Results from an Electromagnetic Model of the LWA Station Array, Dec 15, 2008.

[146] S. Ellingson and A. Cohen, Beam Dwell and Repointing Time Requirements Derived From Memo 128 Considerations, Dec 7, 2008.

[145] J. Craig, Digital Spectrometer Captured Spectra from the LWDA Site, Nov 26, 2008.

[144] S. Ellingson, Beam Dwell and Repointing, Nov 25, 2008.

[143] L. D'Addario, LWA Fine Delay Tracking, Nov 10, 2008.

[142] S. Ellingson, Sky Noise-Induced Spatial Correlation, Oct 14, 2008.

[141] S. Ellingson, Interaction Between an Antenna and a Shelter, Sep 25, 2008. Also known as SLC0007 on the Engineering web site.

[140] S. Ellingson, Polarimetric Response and Calibration of a Single Stand Embedded in an Array with Irregular Wavelength-Scale Spacings, Aug 14, 2008. Also known as SLC0005 on the Engineering web site.

[139] L. Kogan, A. Cohen, and E. Polisensky, Elliptical LWA Station Configurations Optimized to Minimize Side Lobes, June 24, 2008. Additional material: lwa0139.zip.

[138] S. Ellingson, Single-Stand Polarimetric Response and Calibration, June 15, 2008.

[137] A. Kerkhoff, S-Parameter Extraction Approach to the Reduction of Dipole Antenna Measurements, Feb 14, 2008.

[136] S. Ellingson, Dispersion in Coaxial Cables, Jun 01, 2008.

[135] B. Hicks and B. Erickson, Bias-T Design Considerations for the LWA, May 21, 2008.

[134] K. Lee and S. Ellingson, Terrestrial Propagation at LWA Frequencies, May 2, 2008.

[133] P. Crane, Radio-Frequency Interference from Digital Television, Apr 29, 2008.

[132] T. Clarke, Long Wavelength Array: Day in the Life Operation Model, Ver. 1.0, Apr 25, 2008.

[131] G. Taylor and P. Ray, LWA Data Communications - The Fiber Option, Apr 25, 2008.

[130] J. Craig, M. Harun, and S. Ellingson, On-the-Air Demonstration of a Prototype LWA Analog Signal Path, Apr 12, 2008.

[129] S. Ellingson, Interaction Between an Antenna and a Fence, Mar 24, 2008.

[128] A. Cohen and N. Paravastu, Probing the Ionosphere with the LWA by Rapid Cycling of Celestial Radio Emitters, Mar 12, 2008.

[127] M. Harun and S. Ellingson, Design and Development of a Prototype ADC for LWA, Mar 4, 2008.

[126] M. Kavic, J. Simonetti, S. Cutchin, S. Ellingson, C. Patterson, Transient Pulses from Exploding Primordial Black Holes as a Signature of an Extra Dimension, astro-ph/0801.4023, Jan 25, 2008.

[125] R. Osten, Flaring Stars and the Long Wavelength Array, Feb 14, 2008.

[124] H. Schmitt, B. Hicks, K. Stewart, T. Clarke, Report from LWDA Site Field Trips Dates: 11/26-30/07; 01/17/08, entered Feb 9, 2008.

[123] D. Chen, Definitions of System Requirement, Preliminary Design, and Critical Design Reviews, Feb 5, 2002. Not a typo! This is an old but useful NRL memo.

[122] J. York, LWA DRX C Language Simulation Report, v0.1, Feb 1, 2008.

[121] S. Ellingson, LWA Analog Signal Path Planning, Ver. 2, Feb 3, 2008.
        Earlier version: S. Ellingson, LWA Analog Signal Path Planning, Jan 23, 2008.

[120] B. Hicks and N. Paravastu, The Rapid Test Array Balun (G250R), Dec 12, 2007.

[119] S. Ellingson, Long Wavelength Array Station Architecture Ver. 1.0, Nov 19, 2007. Note: This is the version approved at SRR.

[118] C. Janes, The Long Wavelength Array System Technical Requirements Ver. ``Draft #9'', Nov 19, 2007. Note: This is the version approved at SRR.

[117] T.E. Clarke, Scientific Requirements for the Long Wavelength Array Ver. 2.3, Nov 19, 2007. Note: This is the version approved at SRR.

[116] M. Harun and S. Ellingson, Additional Design Information on the AD9230-250 and AD9211-200 ADC Evaluation Boards, December 28, 2007.

[115] S. Ellingson, Dispersion by Antennas, December 11, 2007.

[114] J. York, LWA DRX High-Level Design - v0.2, December, 2007.

[113] A. Cohen and G. Taylor, Array Configuration for the Long Wavelength Intermediate Array (LWIA): Choosing the First Four Station Sites, December 4, 2007.

[112] S. Ellingson, M. Harun, K. Lee, Evaluation of the AD9230 and AD9211 Analog-to-Digital Converters, December 3, 2007.

[111] E. Polisensky, LFmap: A Low Frequency Sky Map Generating Program, September 7, 2007. Source code available at http://www.astro.umd.edu/~emilp/LFmap/.

[110] G. Taylor, LWA Data Communications - The Sneakernet Option, November 30, 2007.

[109] S.W. Ellingson, Transient Buffer - Wideband (TBW) Preliminary Design, November 11, 2007.

[108] S.W. Ellingson, BFU & DP1 Preliminary Design, November 4, 2007.

[107] S.W. Ellingson, LWA Beamforming Design Concept, October 30, 2007.

[106] S.W. Ellingson, Polarization Processing for LWA Stations, October 29, 2007.

[105] T. Clarke, W. Lane, J. Lazio, and D.L. Wood, LWDA FITS-IDI File Format Version 2.0, October 4, 2007.

[104] B.A. Jacoby, W.M. Lane, and T.J.W. Lazio, Simulated LWA-1 Pulsar Observations, September 27, 2007. Additional material: lwpsr.tar.gz.

[103] A. Kerkhoff, The Calculation of Mutual Coupling Between Two Antennas and its Application to the Reduction of Mutual Coupling Effects in a Pseudo-Random Phased Array, August 23, 2007.

[102] A. Kerkhoff, Comparison of Dipole Antenna Designs for the LWA, August 25, 2007.

[101] S. Ellingson, ADC Sample Rate and Preliminary Design for a Full-RF ADC Post-Processor, September 11, 2007.

[100] J. York, V. Sitaram, L. Shuhatovich, LWA ADC Candidate Survey, September 6, 2007.

[99] J. Dickel, P. Crane, and A. Cohen, More Sites for the LWA: South Circle, August 24, 2007 (received 22 Oct 07).
        Earlier version: J. Dickel, P. Crane, and A. Cohen, More Sites for the LWA: South Circle, Sep 3, 2007.

[98] S. Ellingson, ADC Selection, August 31, 2007.

[97] G. Taylor, A. Cohen, P. Crane, J. Dickel, and W. Lucero, More Sites for the LWA: Sevilleta, Pie Town, Horse Springs, and Parts West, August 7, 2007.

[96] A. Kerkhoff, Comparison of Simulated and Measured Drift Scans for Broadband Dipole Antennas at Long Wavelength Array (LWA) Frequencies, July 23, 2007.

[95] J. York et al., LWDA Ground Screen Performance Report, July 23, 2007.

[94] S. Ellingson, System Parameters Affecting LWA Calibration (Memo 52 Redux), Oct 11, 2008.
        Earlier version: S. Ellingson, System Parameters Affecting LWA Calibration (Memo 52 Redux), Sep 20, 2007.
        Earlier version: S. Ellingson, System Parameters Affecting LWA Calibration (Memo 52 Redux), July 20, 2007.

[93] J. York et al., The LWDA Array: An Overview of the Design, Layout and Initial Results, April 26, 2007.

[92] N. Kassim et al., May 2007 LWDA Site Visit: Development of Outrigger Interferometer, Ground Screen Measurements, & other activities, July 11, 2007.

[91] N. Kassim, B. Erickson, and P. Ray, Proposal for a Rapid Test Array (RTA), June 26, 2007.

[90] N. Paravastu et al., Impedance Measurements of the Big Blade and Fork Antennas on Ground Screens at the LWDA Site, June 5, 2007.

[89] M. Harun and S. Ellingson, Revision of the Bandpass Filter for the LWA Analog Receiver, May 30, 2007.

[88] N. Paravastu, B. Hicks, P. Ray, and W. Erickson, A New Candidate Active Antenna Design for the Long Wavelength Array, May 10, 2007.

[87] B. Hicks, N. Paravastu, P. Ray, and B. Erickson, A Comparison of Two Power Combining Elements for LWA Active-Baluns - 180 degree Hybrid versus Wideband Transformer, May 9, 2007. Note (Jun 9, 2007): Pending revision to clarify results. Contact author(s) for details.

[86] B. Hicks, N. Paravastu, and P. Ray, Power Distribution Options for LWA Active-Antennas, April 19, 2007.

[85] K. Lee and S. Ellingson, Coherent Subtraction of Narrowband Radio Frequency Interference, May 4, 2007.

[84] R. Duffin and P.S. Ray, Radio Frequency Interference Analysis of Spectra from the Big Blade Antenna at the LWDA Site, March 23, 2007.

[83] K. Stewart, Electromagnetic Performance of a Wire Grid Ground Screen, February 12, 2007.

[82] M. Harun and S. Ellingson, A Prototype Analog Receiver for LWA, March 28, 2007.

[81] N. Paravastu, B. Hicks, R. Bradley, and C. Parashare, Development and Measurement of a Second Generation Balun Candidate for the LWA, January 25, 2007.

[80] A. Cohen, T. Clarke, J. Lazio, Early Science from the LWA Phase II: A Target List, February 12, 2007. The referenced source list (Table 2) is available in PDF and ASCII form.

[79] G. Curtis, B. Hicks, N. Paravastu, A. Kerkhoff, Failure Report for Baseline Active-Baluns Used for the LWDA, January 9, 2007.

[78] D.G. Finley, Receive Performance of LWA Big Blade Prototype Antenna Below 20 MHz, January 26, 2007.

[77] Bill Erickson, HII Absorption, November 10, 2006.

[76] T. Jaeger and R. Mutel, Description of the University of Iowa Portable RFI Monitor and Preliminary Results from the LWDA and TP Sites, Not Dated.

[75] S. Ellingson, A Design Study Comparing LWA Station Arrays Consisting of Thin Inverted-V Dipoles, January 28, 2007. Note (Jun 9, 2007): Pending revision to correct results. Contact author(s) for details.

[74] B. Hicks et al., Specmaster: A Simple Spectrum Monitoring Tool, January 27, 2007.
        Earlier version: B. Hicks et al., Specmaster: A Simple Spectrum Monitoring Tool, Not Dated.

[73] S. Ellingson, Effective Aperture of a Large Pseudorandom Low-Frequency Dipole Array, 2007 IEEE Int'l Ant. & Prop. Symp., Honolulu, HI, Submitted Jan 13, 2007, Accepted.

[72] Lee J Rickard, G. Taylor, S. Ellingson, and N. Kassim, The Long Wavelength Array (LWA) Program Charter, Ver. 2, Jan 8, 2008.
        Earlier version: Lee J Rickard, G. Taylor, S. Ellingson, and N. Kassim, The Long Wavelength Array (LWA) Program Charter, December 27, 2006.

[71] B. Hicks, N. Paravastu, R. Bradley, and C. Parashare, A Low Noise, High Linearity Lossless Feedback Amplifier for LWA Applications, December 12, 2006.

[70] N. Kassim, T. Clarke, and W. Lane, LWA"1+" Scientific Requirements, December 13, 2006.

[69] D. Munton et al., LWDA Power Budget, January 5, 2007.

[68] P.S. Ray, First Light for the Long Wavelength Demonstrator Array (LWDA), January 4, 2007.

[67] S. Ellingson, Collecting Area of Planar Arrays of Thin Straight Dipoles, December 31, 2006.

[66] Lee J Rickard, Brief Introduction to Earned Value Management (EVM), December 25, 2006.

[65] S. Ellingson, Use of NEC-2 to Calculate Collecting Area, December 27, 2006.
        Earlier version: S. Ellingson, Use of NEC-2 to Calculate Collecting Area, December 25, 2006.

[64] A. Kerkhoff, Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Antennas for use in LWA, November 11, 2006.

[63] M. Harun and S.W. Ellingson, Practical Considerations in the Design of a Bandpass Filter for the LWA Analog Receiver, November 14, 2006.

[62] G. Taylor, P. Crane, F. Owen, J. Dickel, and W. Lucero, A First Look at Sites for the LWA, November 13, 2006.

[61] C.R. Anderson and S.W. Ellingson, The Analog Devices AD6636 Digital Downconverter as a Candidate LWA Receiver Component, November 9, 2006.

[60] S. Ellingson, J. Simonetti, and C. Patterson, Design and Evaluation of an Active Antenna for a 29-47 MHz Radio Telescope Array, IEEE Trans. Ant. and Prop., Vol. 55, No. 3, March 2007, pp 826-831.
        Earlier version: Nov 1, 2006.

[59] P.C. Crane, Report on the CORF Meeting, 16-17 October 2006, October 20, 2006.

[58] Bill Erickson, Sky Noise Drift Scans and Sky Noise Dominance, October 8, 2006.

[57] P.C. Crane et al., Optical Communications for the Long Wavelength Array, September 30, 2006.

[56] G. Taylor et al., LWA Overview, September 22, 2006.

[55] A. Cohen, A Potential Array Configuration for the LWA, September 29, 2006.
        Earlier version: A. Cohen, A Potential Station Configuration for the LWA, September 18, 2006.

[54] Y. Pihlstrom, LWA Equipment RF Emissions: Spectrum Analyzers and Laptops, August 27, 2006.

[53] B. Erickson, H. Schmitt, E. Polisensky, Report on Mutual Coupling and Impedance Measurements on Large Blade Dipoles, August 28, 2006.

[52] A. Cohen, Estimated Collecting Area Needed for LWA Calibration, August 30, 2006.

[51] Y. Pihlstrom, D. Mertely, and E. Aguilera, LWDA Shelter Shielding Factor, August 17, 2006.

[50] Bill Erickson, Pyramid Supports for Large Blade Dipoles, August 3, 2005.

[49] N. Kassim, W. Lane, and T. Clarke, LWA Science Requirements Document V1.0: Guidelines for Scientific and Technical Requirements, August 29, 2005.

[48] W. Gerstle, LWA Civil Infrastructure Station Development Cost Estimate, August 15, 2006.

[47] Y. Pihlstrom, Maximum Allowed Emission Levels for the LWDA Electronics, November 12, 2005.

[46] S. Ellingson, In Situ Evaluation of the ETA Analog Signal Path, August 11, 2006.

[45] S. Ellingson, A ``Pile of Parts'' Cost Model for LWA Stations, August 11, 2006. Here is the referenced spreadsheet: LWA_CM_SE060811.xls (MS-Excel format).

[44] A. Kerkhoff, Status of LWDA Electronics RF Emissions Measurements, Part II, July 7, 2006.

[43] A. Kerkhoff, Status of LWDA Electronics RF Emissions Measurements, May 16, 2006.

[42] P.S. Ray et al., LWDA Site Trip Report, August 10, 2006. Documents the July 19-24, 2006 expedition.

[41] P.S. Ray et al., LWDA Network Connection Implementation, February 23, 2006.
        Earlier version: P.S. Ray et al., LWDA Network Connection Implementation, October 26, 2006.
        Earlier version: P.S. Ray et al., LWDA Network Connection Implementation, August 8, 2006.

[40] P.S. Ray, K.P. Stewart, B.C. Hicks and E.J. Polisensky, Specifications of the GASE Antennas, June 14, 2006.

[39] J. Copeland, A. Kerkhoff, C. Slack, and J. York, Report on Installation Activities at the LWDA Site, June 30, 2006 (rcvd.).

[38] A. Kerkhoff, J. York, and D. Munton, Galactic Background Measurements with the LWDA Receive Chain, May 25, 2006.

[37] N. Paravastu and B. Hicks, Sky Noise Measurements with the LWDA Small Blade Antenna at the LWDA Site, March 2006.

[36] W.C. Erickson, Tests on Large Blade Dipoles, May 22, 2006.

[35] P.S. Ray, S. Ellingson, R. Fisher, N.E. Kassim, L.J. Rickard, T. Clarke, A Strawman Design for the Long Wavelength Array Stations, DRAFT Ver. 0.1, April 11, 2006.

[34] P.S. Ray, S. Ellingson, R. Fisher, N.E. Kassim, L.J. Rickard, T. Clarke, LWA Strawman Design v.0.2, April 11, 2006.

[33] S.W. Ellingson, Preliminary Analysis of the Effects of Front End Non-Linearity on LWA/LWDA Spectroscopy, May 16, 2005.

[32] S.W. Ellingson and A. Kerkhoff, "Comparison of Two Candidate Elements for a 30-90 MHz Radio Telescope Array", 2005 IEEE Int'l Ant. and Prop. Symp., Washington, DC, July 2005 (1A: 590-3). NOTE: This copy includes corrections to errors appearing in original conference paper.

[31] S.W. Ellingson and T.C. Kramer, "Sensitivity and Bandwidth of Low-Gain Active Antennas Below 100 MHz", 2005 IEEE Int'l Ant. and Prop. Symp., Washington, DC, July 2005 (3A: 561-4).

[30] S.W. Ellingson, Analysis of a Low-Gain Antenna & Front End for Low Frequency Radio Astronomy, November 9, 2004.

[29] S.W. Ellingson, Cable Cost for LWA Stations, September 19, 2004.

[28] S.W. Ellingson, " Designing a Sky-Noise-Limited Receiver for the LWA" (presentation), Science with Wavelengths on Human Scales: A Celebration of the 74th Birthday of Bill Erickson and Low Frequency Radio Science, Santa Fe, NM, Sep 2004.

[27] S.W. Ellingson, " Receivers for Low-Frequency Radio Astronomy," From Clark Lake to the Long Wavelength Array: Bill Erickson's Radio Science (N.E. Kassim, et al. eds.), ASP Conference Series, Vol. 345, p. 321, 2005.

[26] Bill Erickson, Thoughts on the Origin of Pulsed RFI, 10/05

[25] N. Paravastu, W. Erickson, Y. Pihlstrom, N. Kassim and B. Hicks, Testing a Prototype Blade Antenna at the LWDA Site, 09/05 (Also: Previous Version)

[24] E. Polisensky, Which 128 Elements for LWDA Phase 1?, 09/05

[23] Bill Erickson, Integration Times vs. Sky Noise Dominance, 08/05

[22] S.W. Ellingson, "Antennas for the Next Generation of Low Frequency Radio Telescopes" IEEE Trans. Ant. and Prop., Vol. 53, No. 8, August 2005, pp. 2480-9.

[21] L. Kogan and A. Cohen, Optimization of the LWA Antenna Station Configuration Minimizing Side Lobes, 05/05

[20] Bill Erickson, A Technique to Eliminate Cross-Polarization Responses and Mutual Interactions Between Circularly Polarized Antennas, 04/05

[19] R. Bradley and C.R. Parashare, Evaluation of the NRL LWA Active Balun Prototype (Rev.A), 02/05.

[18] A. Kerkhoff and S.W. Ellingson, "A Wideband Planar Dipole Antenna for Use in the Long Wavelength Demonstrator Array (LWDA)," 2005 IEEE Int'l Ant. and Prop. Symp., Washington, DC, July 2005, (1B: 553-6).

[17] A. Cohen, Estimates of the Classical Confusion Limit for the LWA, 12/04

[16] A. Cohen, Imaging Capability of the LWA Phase II, 12/04

[15] W. Erickson, An Approach to Ionospheric Calibration, 12/04

[14] E. Polisensky, Preliminary LWA Station Configuration Studies, 12/04

[13] T.J.W. Lazio and W. Farrell, Radio Detection of Extrasolar Planets: Present and Future Prospects, 10/04

[12] W. Erickson, Alternative Low-Band Antenna and Balun Designs, 11/03

[11] W. Erickson, A Study of Low and Mid-Range Dipoles for the LWA and LOFAR, 10/03

[10] N. Kassim, Thoughts on LWA FASR Synergy, 5/03

[9] C. Jackson, The Extraglactic Radio Sky at Faint Flux Densities, 10/02

[8] R. Perley and G. Bust, Probing the Ionosphere with the Very Large Array, 8/02

[7] R. Bradley and S. Srikanth, Broad Bandwidth Feeds for Reflector Antennas, 5/02

[6] V. Vilnrotter, Large Array Signal Processing for DSN Applications: Part I, 5/02

[5] T.J.W. Lazio, P. Crane, A. Cohen, and K. Weiler, LWA Sky, UV, & Galaxy Coverage, 3/02

[4] B. Hicks, W. Erickson and K. Stewart, NRL Low-Frequency Antenna Development, 3/02

[3] N. Kassim, LWA Data Management and Calibration, 5/01

[2] H. Falke and P. Gorham, Low Frequency Observations of Cosmic Ray Airshowers, 5/01

[1] R. Perley and W. Erickson, A Proposal for a Large, Low Frequency Array Located at the VLA Site, 4/84


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